The late President William V. S. Tubman was the first national leader who
envisioned a Medical School in Monrovia to train Medical Doctors for Liberia and
for Africa at large. He obtained the assistance of the Italian Government, the Vatican
and the A.M. Dogliotti Foundation that made his dream come true in 1968 when
“Monrovia-Torino Medical School” (established in 1966) admitted the first group of
first year students.
In 1970 the Monrovia-Torino College of Medicine was merged with the
University of Liberia as the seventh academic program, and the second
professional school (the Law School being the first professional school).
At this same time the college was renamed the Achille Mario Dogliotti
College of Medicine, after the late Italian philanthropist and founder of the
Dogliotti Foundation in Italy.
? In 1971, the John F. Kennedy Memorial Hospital was inaugurated and became the
teaching hospital of the A. M. Dogliotti College of Medicine. The first class of
medical students entered the clinical program of the medical college at the John F.
Kennedy Memorial Hospital in July 1971.
? In December 1973, the A. M. Dogliotti College of Medicine graduated its first set of
medical students with the degree of doctor of medicine (MD).
? In 1982, the A. M. Dogliotti College of Medicine reached a milestone with the
graduation of its first 100th medical doctors when 16 students graduated in that year.
The support of the Italian government and the Dogliotti Foundation was scaled down
according to plan in the 1980’s before the inception of the 14-year civil war of Liberia
which started in December 1989.
The Liberian civil war adversely affected every aspect of the medical college program
to the point that the institution was closed in May 1990 and then reopened with the bare
minimum training capacity in 1992. After the re-opening, the World Health

Organization (WHO) and the Roman Catholic Church of Liberia were the major
supporting organizations of the medical college.


A technologically-driven, internationally acclaimed medical college that is research-
and practice-oriented and dedicated to community development.
The School’s philosophy, upon which the entire academic program is based, is that
the education of doctors entails a total commitment on the part of the schools,
administration, the faculty, and the students.
The primary function of the “A.M. Dogliotti” College of Medicine is to provide
medical training designed to:
? Ensure that students have opportunities to experience and become acquainted
with new and emerging technologies, developments and practices in the medical
? Prepare highly competent students with the intellectual, clinical and technical
expertise necessary for the effective practice of medicine within Liberia and
? Provide students with the skills essential for expanding upon and improving
existing health care delivery systems in Liberia;
? Promote in the student the desire to pursue a lifetime of growth in the medical
profession, to better serve both the public and the profession and to promote the
highest ideals and ethics of the medical profession;
? Encourage students to dedicate themselves to self-directed, life-long learning;
? Prepare graduates of the college to work in partnership with other professionals
to improve quality of life and to provide holistic and comprehensive services
that will deal with complex health problems confronting Liberia;
? Provide solutions to community and environmental health problems through
outreach programs and resource mobilization;
? Generate new knowledge through research;
? Maintain a culture of health research that will seek deeper understanding of
disease patterns, health policies and support services delivery in the health
? Forge collaborations with universities and research institutions worldwide.


The objectives of the A.M. Dogliotti College of Medicine are:
? To provide courses of instruction leading to degrees, diplomas, certificates and
other University distinctions in medical and allied health professional studies;
? To provide special training courses to meet manpower needs of the nation;
? To conduct research in the field of medical and allied health sciences;
? To organize and conduct conferences, seminars, workshops, study groups, short
courses and related activities;
? To recruit and retain adequate and highly qualified faculty and staff through the
establishment of proactive and attractive faculty and staff development
? To employ Information Communication Technology to support quality medical
? To create public awareness on the role of the College of Medicine in the
development of Liberia.

4.1 Terminal Objectives of the curriculum
The curriculum of the A.M. Dogliotti College of Medicine is designed to equip
students with knowledge of the scientific foundations of medicine, skills and
competencies to enable them to deal confidently with the prevailing and emerging
medical and health conditions at both national and international levels.
The cardinal objective of the curriculum is to ensure that upon graduation, the young
medical doctor shall be found useful and relevant. Accordingly, throughout the
training process emphasis shall be placed on acquisition of relevant knowledge,
clinical skills, community orientation and research skills.
Therefore, at the end of the course of study, the graduate of A.M. Dogliotti College of
Medicine should have the basic knowledge, clinical skills and competencies to:
1. Provide comprehensive individual health care, that is:
I. Take and adequately record a complete medical history;
II. Perform a complete and accurate physical examination;
III. Interpret the information from points (i) and (ii) and from supportive
IV. Arrive at a provisional diagnosis with an understanding of the different
diagnostic possibilities;

V. Suggest a line of management;
VI. Acquire an awareness of the effects and side-effects of the drugs he/she is
prescribing in the treatment program;
VII. Acquire an awareness of the effects and side effects of diagnostic or
treatment modalities;
VIII. Relate to the patient and his family in considerate, humane and ethical manner;
IX. Deal with emergency situations and resuscitate the critically-ill patient.
2. Recognize his/her limitations and refer cases beyond his/her level of competence;
3. Acquire skills in “community diagnosis” and in the identification of community
health problems. In addition, demonstrate competence to plan, organize, supervise
and evaluate health care at the community level, i.e. maternal and child health,
immunization, environmental health and health education;
4. Coordinate, supervise and evaluate the activities of other health workers and
provide them with appropriate training;

5. Improve his/her level of competence through;
A. Continuous learning;
B. Self-assessment;
C. Critical thinking;
6. Demonstrate competence in problem-solving when dealing with individual, family
or community health problems, including early recognition of emerging diseases or
disease precursors and identification of adequate solutions for these problems;
7. Collect and transmit pertinent information about health (health care needs, demands
for service, distribution and seriousness of diseases and effectiveness of existing
services) to facilitate health status monitoring;
8. Specifically, the graduate must demonstrate proficiency in the essential medical
skills, as outlined below (4.2 to 4.6).

1) Department of Anatomy:
This department is responsible to:
? Provide students with basic understanding of the structural organization of the
human body with an emphasis on the relationship between structure and
? Identify the different parts of the human body and its major organs, systems,
dissected specimens and sections of the body.
? Recognize anatomical relationships and concepts and be able to apply them in
clinical practice.
? Interpret images of the human body obtained by radiology, CT Scans, MRI etc.
? Examine different parts of the living body in order to test their functional
? Acquire new information and date, critically appraise its validity and application
to arrive at a professional decision.
? Organize, record, research and present scientific and critical information.
? Use this information as a basis for continuous learning.

2) Department of Biochemistry:

This department is responsible to:
Provide the students with understanding of the major macromolecules of living cells,
the fundamental biochemical principles that underlie their functions in the human
body to enable them to understand the biochemical processes involved in normal and
diseased pathological states and how such processes offer opportunities for
prevention, medical intervention, treatment and management of disease.
3) Department of Public Health:
This department is responsible to:
Provide students with basic knowledge in epidemiological concepts, demography,
socio-anthropological issues, medical sociology and anthropology, community

medicine, ethics, jurisprudence and forensic medicine, management and
communications kills

4) Department of Physiology:
This department is responsible to:

? Provide essential facts and concepts of general medical physiology which will
aid in the understanding of some of the principles and mechanisms of how the
human body functions. The understanding of these fundamental concepts and
principles can provide the basis for understanding the mechanisms of the
functions of the various organ systems of the human body which will be
discussed later in systemic physiology.
? Train students to think independently and encourage them to integrate their
knowledge from various disciplines dealing with the human body. Critical
thinking is an essential component of the learning process.
? Create awareness in the students, of recent and applied aspects of physiology.
? Facilitate students’ understanding of the basic mechanisms involved and how
they help explain clinical problems.
? Introduce students to the anatomical and physiological principles of
neuroscience important to practicing health professionals.
? ? Using an integrated approach, provide insight into the fundamental concepts
of anatomy and physiology as they relate to the nervous system.
? ? Focus on the sensory systems, the motor system, limbic system, and higher
cortical functions in that order.
? ? Present coordinately, the basic anatomy and physiology of the nervous
system in tandem fashion to emphasize normal functions and neurologic
disorders that involve the particular system being studied.
? ? Provide the framework and terminology important in clinical practice, using a
system approach to the study of the central nervous system.
? ? Utilize case studies and problem-based learning methods to emphasize the
correlation of basic and clinical material.
5) Department of Pharmacology:
This department is responsible to:

? Provide essential facts and concepts of general medical pharmacology which
will aid in the understanding of basic mechanisms of drug actions, effects and
side effects to the human body and principles of drug handling by the body;
? Provide understanding of basic principles of pharmacodynamics and
pharmacokinetics which will lead to systemic and clinical pharmacology which
deal with drug actions and therapy of the various organ systems and their
? Create awareness in the students of recent and applied aspects of pharmacology.
? Provide essential facts, concepts and principles for understanding the
mechanisms of drug actions on the various organ systems of the human body;
? Provide understanding of the basis of the interdependency of the various organ
? Provide the basis of clinical pharmacology and drug therapy of various organ
system disorders;
? Create awareness in the students of recent developments and new trends in
pharmacology and therapeutics.
6) Department of Laboratory Medicine:
This department is responsible to:
? Provide essential facts and concepts of patho-physiology, which will aid in the
diagnosis of clinical conditions.
? Guide students to think analytically and develop their prior knowledge in the
process of solving a clinical problem through integrated pathogenesis and
? Activation of prior knowledge and elaboration of this content by the individual
student takes the form of listening to other students’ hypotheses in relation to
the diagnosis and determining the merit and worth of these different
? Instructing medical students on the aspects of restructuring medical data and
may have important implications for medical students who are unable to apply
their basic scientific knowledge to clinical situations. It has been suggested that
the knowledge of these students have not yet been organized into a manner,
which can be utilized for this function.
? Distinguish a physiologic from a pathologic event its causation and
? the different cellular and histological architecture of the different organs and be
able to arrive at a diagnosis based on the cellular and adaptive changes that has

? Provide lectures that include characteristics and pathogenic mechanisms of
bacteria, causing diseases in the tropics, and including microbial genetics,
pathogenicity, antimicrobial agents, and drug resistance. Laboratory diagnosis
(virtual lab & wet lab) is also included.

7) Department of Surgery:
This department is responsible to:
? Introduce the students to the pathological processes of surgical diseases and
the basic principles of caring for the surgical patients.
? Teach students to logically and systematically arrive at a diagnosis
? Train students to appreciate the inter-disciplinary relationship of clinical
medicine as it relate to the patient and the important role that radiology plays
in overall management; the advances in radiology many times make the
diagnosis and final treatment of patient illness much easier.
? Train students to think three dimensionally of the body images in solving
clinically oriented radiological problems.
? Students are taught to distinguish normal radiographic from abnormal films
both on non –contrast and contrast films.
? Radiation protection of patients, staff and care takers is stressed to the
students as an essential principle in radiology.
? Students are encouraged to become radiologists.
8) Department of Medicine:
This department is responsible to enable students to:
? Acquire the basic knowledge of the history and concepts of community
medicine, communication skills, ethics, and basic internet technology.
? Introduce the students to the pathological processes of medical diseases and
the basic principles of caring for the surgical patients.
? Take a comprehensive patient’s history
? Do a good physical examination, summary of pertinent findings
? Make diagnosis with differentials
? Have adequate knowledge of respiratory system and function
? Take history, examine and diagnose respiratory diseases
? Make differential diagnosis of respiratory disease
? Request appropriate investigations for respiratory disease
? Identify the main signs of respiratory diseases on X ray

? Identify common respiratory symptoms and signs.
? Discuss or define common symptoms and signs of respiratory disease
? Know various respiratory volumes
? Understand the use of Spirometer
9) Department of Pediatrics
This department is responsible to:
? Enable the student gain the essential knowledge and skills to enable him/her to
develop clinical and communication skills in various areas of pediatrics.
? Train students to gain familiarity with the common and important problems
that affect children and the psychosocial consequences that arise to themselves
and their family.
? Create awareness in the students, of recent and applied aspects of pediatrics
subspecialty to enable them participate as team members in the care of
patients with chronic and complex disorders.
? Facilitate students’ understanding of the basic mechanisms involved and how
they help explain clinical problems in pediatrics
? Enable the student gain the essential knowledge and skills to enable him/her to
develop clinical and communication skills in various areas of pediatrics.
? Train students to gain familiarity with the common and important problems
that affect children and the psychosocial consequences that arise to themselves
and their family
10) Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology:
This department is responsible to:
? Provide a core curriculum that integrates core biomedical basic science
knowledge with its application to clinical practice and to provide students with
the necessary information to develop a core understanding of the clinical
manifestations of common diseases, including risk factors, prevention, clinical
presentation, clinical course, treatment and prognosis and for students to
become proficient with the clinical assessment of both health and disease
? Identify, describe, and discuss the etiology, the clinical features, diagnostic
criteria, differential diagnosis, as well as evaluation and treatment alternatives
for common obstetrical and gynecological conditions and diseases.
? Explain the indications for, as well as limitations and possible complications of,
common obstetrical and gynecological procedures during pregnancy

? Discuss the preventive and public health aspects of obstetrics
? Elicit, describe, and clearly record a complete history and physical status
examination obtained from the patient and other collateral sources.
? Demonstrate the ability to orally present a coherent and concise case
presentation using medical terminology.
? Recognize physical signs and symptoms that accompany obstetric disorders and
differentiate them from other medical conditions.
? Formulate a problem list and differential diagnosis for major presenting
? Develop a beginning treatment plan including the patient?s medical & social
? Identify and synthesize pertinent clinical information and ask the right
questions to make safe clinical decisions.